A common problem veterinarians see in cats is urinary tract diseases. There are a few different causes and various different treatments that can be offered to help make these cats more comfortable.
Signs a cat will show when they have urinary issues are frequent small urinations, straining in the litter box (sometimes without passing any urine), red or blood staining to the urine, excessive licking and discomfort. Some cats will also strain to urinate in areas outside their litter box.
The causes are varied and range from behavioural issues (often stress related) to a urinary tract infection or inflammation or even a bladder stone. They can be more severe such as a build up of crystals in the bladder that has caused a blockage, the cat will not be able to urinate and can become very sick quite quickly.
To diagnose what is going on your vet will need to discuss your cats history, examine your cat and run different tests on your cats urine.
Treatments include anti-inflammatory medication, antibiotics and prescription diets. Your vet will decide which options best suits your cat. If your cat’s bladder is blocked then surgery will be needed to unblock and flush the crystals out of the bladder.
In cases where the cat is stressed behavioural modification is needed. This treatment enriches the environment and aims to make your cat happier and feel safer. Different medications may be prescribed and a diffuser is used to release a pheromone to make your cat feel more relaxed. These cats will often be prescribed a specific diet that aids in reducing stress levels.